Surrealism with its ties to Dada emerged in Paris in 1924, with André Breton as its founder. In Breton's manifesto, he was more concerned with the unconscious, because according to Breton the unconscious was as real as the visual world. It was a movement more concerned with a way of thinking rather than a specific style or characteristics.
"Surrealism. Noun, masculine. Pure psychic automatism, by which one intends to express verbally, in writing or by any other method, the real functioning of the mind. Dication by thought, in the absence of control exercised by reason, and beyond any aesthetic or moral preoccupation."
- André Breton
There are two groups or styles of Surrealism. The first type were the
Figurative painters. In this work color, perspective, space, and figures are rendered carefully/correct, but the painting as a whole is unreal/dreamlike.
Artist from this group include; Dali, de Chirico, Magritte, and Ernst.
[back to top]
"To become truly immortal, a work of art must escape all human limits: logic and common sense will only interfers. But once these barriers are broken, it will enter the realms of childhood visions and dreams." - Giorgio DeChirico
The second type of Surrealist painting was called Visual Automatism
(intuitive stream-of-consciousness drawing and calligraphy). In this style
the artist created expressions of their inner feelings. Artists from this form of Surrealism included; Miró and Arp.
Design Home | History Home
[back to top]